Human beings never live in isolation. They always belong to organised communities. Communities that have grown in size through time: village, clan, tribe region, nation… the world.
Five to ten thousand years of recent history of mankind have taught us that to be able to subsist, a human community requires the presence of three institutional components which are essential to its durability and development :
- Rules, to be followed by all.
- An Authority invested within the power to deal with common interests.
- A Representation of the population, who issue the rules, mandates and control the Authority. This is called Democracy.
Around the end of the second millennium, the optimal form of this type of human community is obviously the Nation-State, a concept which has now been universally accepted.
However, the History of mankind tells us that through the centuries, nations have been in endless opposition, each striving to maintain its domination over its neighbours. Until today, History has never ceased to be a succession of wars and conquests, never entirely settled and constantly challenged...
Things began to change in the middle of the XXth century. Recovering from the shock of two world wars, in which several ten millions people died, and after a first unsuccessful attempt at unity with the League of Nations (1919-1945), 51 countries set up the United Nations Organisation ( U.N. ). Its aim was “to maintain international peace and promote cooperation in solving international economic, social and humanitarian problems”.
Having done this, and in spite of encouragements to take things further, these countries chose not to give a supranational nature to the Organisation. At that time, in view of global events and decolonisation issues, it was considered that priority had to be given to the absoslute sovereignty of each State within the borders handed down to it through the history...
A few decades later, at the dawn of the third millennium, things have considerably changed. Fast growing technologies of all kinds all over the world have abolished distances between countries and the society we live in has stretched out across world : the global community of humans is now a fact of life !
Globalisation of the economy and instant transmission of information across the planet are the most tangible signs of this.
However, our global community must now face major planetary challenges threatening the globe and the very future of mankind. :
- Ongoing destruction of the environment
- Uncontrolled nuclear proliferation
- Intolerable economic and social discrepancies between a few States living in luxury and others, oppressed and abused
- The persistence of regional military conflicts made possible by the proliferation of classic and nuclear armament and by the constant escalation of military budgets by most governments.
Present International Institutions, amongst which the 1945 United Nations, are by nature totally helpless, as each one of the 194 States that constitute today’s patchwork of nations insists on maintaining its sovereignty. In the absence of a supranational Authority, the planet is controlled by those who hold sufficient amounts of capital or raw materials, and who intend to put them to profit, regardless of populations or national borders…
It is therefore urgent for the global community to adopt the only three institutional components capable of ensuring its durability and its development in a protected global environment :
- Rules, to be followed by all in the key areas of planetary life: peacekeeping, preservation of the environment, respect of the fundamental rights of mankind, global regulation of economy and trade, public health and cross-border mobility.
- World Authority invested with the power to implement these rules and to intervene whenever world balance or fundamental human rights are at risk in any part of the world.
- Democratic Representation of the world population, endowed with the power to issue the rules, to mandate and to exert control over World Authority.